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Vitamin Deficiency and Wellness Blood Test Panel

Quick Overview

Complete Blood Count (CBC), Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14), Lipid Profile with Total Cholesterol: HDL Ratio, Vitamin D 25-hydroxy, Vitamin B12, Folate (Folic Acid) and Magnesium

Test #2258

$169.00

Availability: In stock

Preparation

Patient should be on a stable diet, ideally for two to three weeks prior to collection of blood, and should fast for 12 to 14 hours before collection of the specimen.  Stop biotin consumption at least 72 hours prior to the collection.  Must draw before Schilling test, transfusions or B12 therapy is started.

Test Results 3-5 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

Vitamin Deficiency & Wellness Blood Test Panel includes:

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (14 tests) Includes:
Glucose-
Blood sugar level, the most direct test to discover diabetes, may be used not only to identify diabetes but also to evaluate how one controls the disease.
Kidney Profile
Bun or Urea Nitrogen BUN is another by-product of protein metabolism eliminated through the kidneys and an indicator of kidney function. Creatinine, Serum An indicator of kidney function.  

Bun/Creatinine Ratio Calculated by dividing the BUN by the Creatinine.
Glomerular Filtration (eGFR) Provides an assessment of the filtering capacity of the kidney.
Liver panel
Protein, Total Together with albumin, it is a measure of the state of nutrition in the body.
Albumin Serum one of the major proteins in the blood and a reflection of the general state of nutrition. 
Globulin, Total A major group of proteins in the blood comprising the infection fighting antibodies. 
Albumin/Globulin Ratio Calculated by dividing the albumin by the globulin.
Bilirubin, Total A chemical involved with liver functions. High concentrations may result in jaundice.
Alkaline Phosphatase A body protein important in diagnosing proper bone and liver functions.
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST or SGOT) an enzyme found in skeletal and heart muscle, liver, and other organs. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT) an enzyme found primarily in the liver. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.

Fluids & Electrolytes
Sodium One of the major salts in the body fluid, sodium is important in the body's water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles. Potassium Helps to control the nerves and muscles.
Chloride Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body's electrolyte balance.
Carbon Dioxide, Total Used to help detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.
Calcium, Serum  Ordered to screen for, diagnose, and monitor a range of conditions relating to the bones, heart, nerves, kidneys, and teeth. Blood calcium levels do not directly tell how much calcium is in the bones, but rather, how much calcium is circulating in the blood.

Lipid Panel With Total Cholesterol:HDL Ratio
Cholesterol, Total A sterol in the blood. Knowing your cholesterol level may be as important as knowing your blood pressure. Elevated cholesterol levels are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease.
Triglycerides Fat in the blood that is responsible for providing energy to the cells of the body. Triglycerides should be less than 400 mg/dl even while in a non-fasting state. 
HDL Cholesterol High-density lipoproteins are believed to take cholesterol away from cells and transport it back to the liver for removal or processing. They are known as the "good" cholesterol as people with high levels of HDL may have less heart disease. Low HDL could be the result of lack of exercise and smoking.
LDL Cholesterol Low-density lipoproteins contain the largest percentage of cholesterol and may be responsible for depositing cholesterol on the artery walls. They are known as the "bad" cholesterol.
Total Cholesterol/HDL Ratio calculated by dividing the total cholesterol by the HDL cholesterol. This is the ratio used by physicians in determining your relative risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Complete Blood Count (CBC) With Differential and Platelets:  A complete blood count (CBC) will give important information about the kinds and numbers of cells in the blood, especially red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. A CBC helps your health professional check any symptoms, such as fatigue, weakness, or bruising, that you may have. A CBC also helps diagnose conditions such as anemia, infection, and many other disorders.

The Vitamin D 25-Hydroxy Blood Test is often ordered for individuals that have symptoms of vitamin D deficiency. It may also be ordered before an individual begins osteoporosis drug therapy. Low levels may indicate a dietary deficiency, malabsorption or lack of exposure to sunlight.Vitamin D is essential in the growth and formation of healthy bones and teeth. Without it, children can develop a bone-malformation condition known as rickets, and adults can develop osteomalacia, which is characterized by weakness, softness or fractures of the bones. Vitamin D also helps regulate levels of calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium in the blood, and has been shown to influence the growth of other tissues in the body as well as the regulation of the immune system. Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in the development of conditions such as cancer, heart disease‚ osteoporosis and multiple sclerosis.

The body gets vitamin D from two sources: dietary intake through foods and supplements (exogenous), and through production in the skin upon exposure to sunlight (endogenous). Although vitamin D is found naturally in only a few foods, in the United States, many products are supplemented with it, including milk, breakfast cereals, and juices. Those at risk of vitamin D deficiency include individuals who are elderly; obese; have dark skin; are institutionalized, homebound or have limited sun exposure; have undergone gastric bypass surgery; and have conditions such as cystic fibrosis and Crohn's disease that interfere with fat absorption.

B12 and Folate (Folic Acid, Vitamin B9) are mainly ordered to help diagnose the cause of macrocytic anemia. Folate, B12, and an assortment of other tests may be ordered to help evaluate the general health and nutritional status of a patient with signs of significant malnutrition or malabsorption. This may include those with alcoholism and those with conditions associated with malabsorption such as Crohn's disease, celiac disease, and cystic fibrosis. Folate and B12 may also be ordered to help diagnose the cause of mental or behavioral changes, especially in the elderly. B12 may be ordered by itself, with folate, or with other screening laboratory tests such as a CMP (comprehensive metabolic panel) in order diagnose the cause of neuropathy. In those with known B12 and folate deficiencies, these tests may be ordered occasionally to help monitor the effectiveness of treatment. This is especially true for those who cannot absorb B12 and/or folate and must have lifelong treatment. They are ordered as follow-up tests when large RBCs and a decreased hemoglobin concentration are found during a CBC test.

Magnesium helps the body use and make and is needed to move potassium and sodium into and out of cells.

A test for magnesium is done in order to:

  • Find a cause for nerve and muscle problems, such as irritability, muscle twitches, and muscle weakness.
  • Find the cause of symptoms, such as low blood pressure, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, vomiting, muscle weakness, and slurred speech.
  • Find the cause of trouble breathing or heart problems, especially in people who have kidney disease.
  • Find the cause of a low potassium or calcium level that is not improving with treatment.
  • Look for changes in magnesium levels caused by medicines, including diuretics.
  • Check if those with heart problems need extra magnesium. Low magnesium levels may increase the chances of life-threatening heart rhythm problems.
  • Measure magnesium levels when it is being given for medical treatment.

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