Allergy Animal Group Panel Blood Test
The Allergy Animal Group Panel Blood Test measures IgE antibodies in the blood to detect an allergy to five types of farm animals.
This panel screens for the following common animal allergens:
- Chicken Feathers
- Cow Dander
- Goose Feathers
- Horse Dander
- Mouse Urine Proteins
What is the purpose of this test?
Order this Allergy Animal Group Panel Blood Test to measure IgE antibodies in the blood to detect an allergy to five types of farm animals. Animal allergies affect about 30% of the U.S. population, with allergies to household pets like cats and dogs being the most common. However, like household pets, farm animals such as chickens, cows, horses, geese, and mice may trigger allergic reactions in sensitized individuals. Allergies to farm animals are challenging for individuals who live or work on a farm. Determining the cause of allergies is the most effective way to help develop a treatment plan so that individuals can return to living and working comfortably.
What causes an allergic reaction to farm animals?
Similar to household pet allergies, allergies to farm animals are triggered by exposure to shedding hair, dander (dead skin cells), saliva, and waste. These allergens are also the most common sources of respiratory allergies. The hair and dander become airborne, and once settled, they are hard to get rid of from soft surfaces like clothing, carpets, furniture, and bedding. In addition, the proteins found in the saliva and waste of many farm animals may trigger an allergic reaction.
Like every allergy, an allergy to farm animals causes a reaction in the immune system. The immune system views it as toxic when hair, dander, saliva, or waste comes in contact with the skin or airways. As a result, the immune system becomes sensitized, producing IgE antibodies against these contaminants. Unfortunately, these antibodies activate the release of the chemical histamine, which will cause the symptoms of an allergic reaction.
When should I order an Allergy Animal Group Panel Blood Test?
Individuals may order this test if they have experienced an allergic reaction related to one or more of the farm animals in this panel. The allergic reaction may range from mild or moderate to severe and vary for each individual. An individual may experience allergic reactions minutes to a few hours after exposure. An individual with an allergy to farm animals may experience hay fever or asthma-like symptoms, such as:
- Red or watery eyes
- Runny nose
- Sore Throat
- Trouble breathing or wheezing
An extreme, life-threatening allergic reaction known as an anaphylactic shock can occur in the most severe cases. An anaphylactic response requires immediate medical attention. Signs of an anaphylactic shock include:
- Rapid or increased pulse
- Swollen throat or lump making it difficult to breathe
- Low blood pressure
- Extreme dizziness or loss of consciousness
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