Allergy Stinging Insect Profile IgE Blood Test
The Allergy Stinging Insect Profile Blood Test measures the IgE antibody levels in the blood to detect an allergy to several stinging insects.
What is the purpose of this test?
Order this Allergy Stinging Insect Profile Blood Test measures the IgE antibody levels in the blood to detect an allergy to several stinging insects. Stinging insect allergies affect about 0.4% – 0.8% of children and 3% of adults in the United States. Approximately 90 – 100 deaths per year result from insect sting anaphylaxis. Wasps, yellow jackets, hornets, and honeybees cause most insect stings in the United States. In addition, fire ants now infest more than 260 million acres in the southern United States, which has become a significant health hazard and the leading agent of insect stings. Individuals should also note that most people allergic to one kind of stinging insect may also be allergic to other types.
What causes an allergic reaction to stinging insects?
Once an individual with a stinging insect allergy is stung by certain insects, it triggers a response in an individual's immune system. The immune system views certain substances as harmful and produces IgE antibodies to combat these invaders. Unfortunately, these antibodies cause the chemical histamine to be released, which will cause the symptoms associated with an allergic reaction.
When should I order an Allergy Stinging Insect Profile Blood Test?
Individuals may order this Allergy Stinging Insect Profile Blood Test if they have experienced symptoms related to a stinging insect allergy. Allergy symptoms vary depending on the individual, ranging from mild to severe reactions. Most stinging insect allergy symptoms occur within a few minutes to an hour of the individual being stung. In addition, this is followed by a small blister within a few hours, which has very little chance of becoming infected unless it is opened. Once healed, these lesions may leave scars.
An allergic reaction may affect the skin or air pathways. Individuals with stinging insect allergies may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
- Itching or hives
- Difficulty breathing, swallowing, or wheezing
A severe, possibly life-threatening allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis may occur in some cases. An anaphylactic response requires immediate medical attention. Signs or symptoms of anaphylaxis may include:
- Rapid or increased heart rate
- Swollen throat or lump making it difficult to breathe
- Low blood pressure
- Extreme dizziness or loss of consciousness
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