Chicken Allergy IgE Blood Test
The Chicken Allergy IgE Blood Test measures the IgE antibody levels in the blood to detect an allergy to chicken.
What is the purpose of this test?
Order this Chicken Allergy IgE Blood Test measures the IgE antibody levels in the blood to detect an allergy to chicken (poultry). Chickens are animals that belong to the Phasianidae family, with origins in Asia that have been domesticated globally. Poultry allergies are uncommon, with global prevalence varying from 0-13%. However, there are individuals with a hypersensitivity to chicken and other poultry. Individuals with an allergy to chicken may also be allergic to different kinds of poultry, such as turkeys, ducks, geese, pheasants, quails, and guinea fowl. In addition, individuals with an adverse reaction to chicken may also experience the same response after ingesting egg yolks since they may have some allergens (proteins) in common. Therefore, this Chicken Allergy IgE Blood Test may help screen for an allergy to chicken and aid healthcare providers in developing a management and treatment plan.
What other food products should I avoid if I have a chicken allergy?
Individuals allergic to chicken should avoid not only it but also avoid chicken-based products, including:
- Chicken broth or stock
- Canned soups and stews
- Poultry flavorings
- Premade salads
- Certain meat dishes
- Frozen meat products that may contain chicken
Additionally, individuals may be sensitive to chickens to the point that avoiding physical contact with chicken or their feathers is necessary.
What causes an allergic reaction to chicken?
Once an individual with a chicken allergy ingests chicken or chicken-based products, it triggers a response in an individual's immune system. The immune system views specific proteins in chicken as harmful and produces IgE antibodies to combat these invaders. Unfortunately, these antibodies cause the chemical histamine to be released, which will cause the symptoms associated with an allergic reaction.
When should I order a Chicken Allergy Blood Test?
Individuals may order this Chicken Allergy Blood Test if they have experienced symptoms related to a chicken allergy. Allergy symptoms vary depending on the individual, ranging from mild to severe reactions. Most food-related symptoms occur within two hours of ingestion; however, they frequently begin within minutes. In addition, the response can be delayed by four to six hours or even longer in some rare cases.
An allergic reaction may affect the skin, intestinal lining, and air pathways. Individuals with a chicken allergy may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
- Tingling sensation near or around the mouth
- Abdominal discomfort
- Nausea or vomiting
- Itching or hives
- Difficulty breathing, swallowing, or wheezing
A severe, possibly life-threatening allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis may occur in some cases. An anaphylactic response requires immediate medical attention. Signs or symptoms of anaphylaxis may include:
- Rapid or increased heart rate
- Swollen throat or lump making it difficult to breathe
- Low blood pressure
- Extreme dizziness or loss of consciousness
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