Dog Dander Allergy IgE Blood Test
The dog allergy blood test measures the amount of allergen-specific IgE antibodies in the blood in order to detect an allergy to dog dander or hair.
Allergies to dogs are relatively common. An allergic reaction regarding a dog is usually a response to the dog's dander, a protein secreted from dead skin cells. Different breeds of dogs generate different dander; therefore, an individual can be considerably more allergic to some types of dogs compared to others. These allergens eventually find their way into the animal's fur and consequently collect in between furniture cushions, on clothing, on walls, and in carpets.
Pet dander can also be airborne and remain for a long duration and, in time, get into an individual's eyes and lungs.
An allergy to dog dander triggers a reaction in an individual's immune-system. The body views certain substances as toxic and produces IgE antibodies to these contaminants. These antibodies cause histamine to be released, which will cause the symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Allergy symptoms vary from one individual to the next ranging from mild to severe reactions. Common signs of having a dog allergy include:
- Rash or hives on the face, chest, or neck
- Swelling and itching in the membranes of the nose or around the eyes
- Watery eyes
- Coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath after being exposed to the allergen
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