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Meat Allergy IgE Blood Test

The meat allergy IgE blood test measures the amount of allergen-specific IgE antibodies in the blood to detect an allergy to meats, including beef, chicken, and pork.


Test Code: 602284

Also Known As:

Methodology:

Thermo Fisher ImmunoCAP

Preparation:

No special preparation required.

Test Results:

2-5 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.


Test Code: 021021

Also Known As:

Methodology:

Immunoassay (IA)

Preparation:

No special preparation required.

Test Results:

2-5 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

Description

Order a meat allergy IgE blood test to detect an allergy to meats, including beef, chicken, and pork. This test measures the amount of allergen-specific antibodies in a blood sample. Meat allergies are less prevalent than other types of food allergies. Part of the reason for this is that when meat is cooked, many of the proteins that can cause an allergy (known as allergens) become less allergenic.

Meat allergies can arise at any age. Some people are more vulnerable than others, such as those with past infections, eczema, certain blood types, tick bites, or co-existing food allergies. Beef and pork allergies are usually associated with alpha galactose (alpha-gal). Alpha-gal is a carbohydrate particle present in most red meat. Chicken or poultry allergy is even less common than those involving red meat. Usually, if an allergy occurs it is the result of the poultry being undercooked. Individuals with a chicken allergy are usually also allergic to fish and possibly shrimp.  

An allergy to meat triggers a reaction in an individual's immune system. The body views certain substances as toxic and produces IgE antibodies to these contaminants. These antibodies cause histamine to be released, which will cause the symptoms of an allergic reaction.

Allergy symptoms vary from one individual to the next ranging from mild to severe reactions. Common symptoms of a meat allergy may include one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath or wheezing
  • Rash
  • Headaches
  • Sneezing and runny nose
  • Itching or hives
  • Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain
  • Swelling of throat, tongue, face, lips, or other body parts
  • Rapid heart rate
  • In severe cases, anaphylaxis

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