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Apolipoprotein B Blood Test

The Apolipoprotein B Blood Test is used to determine the level of apolipoprotein B in the blood, which helps assess an individual's likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease.

Sample Report

Test Code: 167015

CPT Code: 82172

Also Known As: ApoB100; Apolipoprotein B; Apo B; Apolipoprotein (B)

Methodology:

Immunologic

Specimen Type: Blood

Preparation:

Fasting for at least 12-14 hours is required.

Test Results:

3-4 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday, or lab delays.

Sample Report

Test Code: 5224

CPT Code: 82172

Also Known As: ApoB100; Apolipoprotein B; Apo B; Apolipoprotein (B)

Methodology:

Nephelometry

Specimen Type: Blood

Preparation:

Fasting for at least 12-14 hours is required.

Test Results:

3-4 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday, or lab delays.

Description

What is the purpose of this test?

The Apolipoprotein B Blood Test is a medical examination that measures the amount of apolipoprotein B in a person's blood. Apolipoprotein B is a protein that is found on the surface of LDL cholesterol particles, which are commonly referred to as "bad" cholesterol. LDL cholesterol is known to contribute to the development of atherosclerosis, a condition in which plaque builds up in the arteries, leading to heart disease and stroke. 

The Apolipoprotein B Blood Test is a valuable tool in evaluating a person's risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Elevated levels of apolipoprotein B are associated with an increased risk of heart disease and stroke. The test is typically ordered along with other lipid panel tests, such as total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides, to provide a more comprehensive view of a person's lipid profile. 

By measuring the amount of apolipoprotein B in the blood, doctors can better assess a person's risk of developing heart disease and stroke and determine the most appropriate treatment options. In some cases, lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise may be recommended, while in other cases, medications such as statins may be prescribed to help lower LDL cholesterol levels and decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease.

 

Who would benefit from this test?

The Apolipoprotein B Blood Test would be beneficial for individuals who:

  • Have a family history of heart disease or high cholesterol levels
  • Are overweight or obesity
  • Have an unhealthy diet, especially those who have a high intake of saturated and trans fats
  • Have a history of smoking or have a sedentary lifestyle
  • Have diabetes or high blood pressure
  • Have a history of cardiac events or stroke
  • Are considering starting a new medication that may affect their cholesterol levels
  • Want to monitor their cholesterol levels and overall heart health

 

When should I order an Apolipoprotein B Blood Test?

An Apolipoprotein B Blood Test is usually ordered to determine a person's risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Some symptoms that may lead to the test being ordered include:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Obesity
  • Family history of cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle

However, it's important to note that not everyone with these symptoms will require an Apolipoprotein B Blood Test. Your healthcare provider can help you determine if the test is necessary based on your individual health history and current symptoms.

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