Chromium Plasma Test
Exposure at work and exposure to chromium contamination in the environment can lead to toxicity. The toxicity of chromium is a condition caused by excess chromium levels in the body. Chromium is a type of heavy metal used in a number of industrial uses. The exposure environment is a primary risk factor for chromium toxicity. Because of the nature of the work environment, industrial welders are at high risk. Repeated exposure to chromium causes poisoning through oral ingestion, skin contact or inhalation.
The signs and symptoms of chromium toxicity depend on whether the exposure occurred through oral ingestion, chronic inhalation, or skin contact.
Signs and symptoms of chromium toxicity ingested orally may include:
- Severe gastrointestinal irritation or ulcers
- Intravascular hemolysis
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
- Circulatory collapse
- Liver damage
- Cramping of muscles
Signs and symptoms of chromium toxicity due to chronic inhalation or skin contact may include:
- Eczematous dermatitis: A skin condition causing itchy skin rashes
- Edema (fluid accumulation in the body)
- Skin sensitization
- Nasal ulcers
- Bronchitis: Inflammation of the airways causing cough and mucus production
- Rhinitis and sinusitis
- Lesions “chrome holes” in the fingers, knuckles, and forearms
- Keratitis (inflammation of the cornea)
- Gingivitis and periodontitis - conditions affecting the teeth and gums
It is imperative to mention that the risk factor does not necessarily indicate that a person develops toxicity to chromium. A risk factor increases the chances of determining the condition in comparison with someone without these risk factors. Some risk factors are greater than others.
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