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Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/HTLV-2) Antibodies Blood Test

The HTLV-1/HTLV-2 Antibodies Blood Test is used to screen patients for infection with human T-lymphotropic virus 
Sample Report

Test Code: 163246

Also Known As:

Methodology: Chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA)

Preparation: No special preparation required.

Test Results: 5-6 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

Description

This test looks for antibodies which the body develops in response to infection with the Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV).  HTLV infects white blood cells which are important to the body’s immune system.  HTLV infection can be responsible for the development of a number of conditions including Leukemia, Lymphoma, and nervous system disorders.  The HTLV 1&2 Abs test detects and differentiates both type 1 and type 2 HTLV infections.

Risk factors for HTLV infection include:

  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Being an IV drug user
  • Having a history of blood transfusions
  • Living in or having a sexual partner from parts of the world where HTLV is prevalent such as Southwestern Japan, parts of Africa, the Caribbean, and the Southeastern U.S.

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