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Melon Allergy IgE Blood Test

The Melon Allergy test measures the IgE antibody levels to detect a food allergy to melons.


Test Code: 602737

CPT Code: 86003

Also Known As: Honeydew; Cantaloupe; Muskmelon; Common melon; Cucumis melo

Methodology:

Thermo Fisher ImmunoCAP®

Preparation:

No special preparation is required.

Test Results:

2-5 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday, or lab delays.


Test Code: 2887

CPT Code: 86003

Also Known As: Honeydew; Cantaloupe; Muskmelon; Common melon; Cucumis melo

Methodology:

Immunoassay (IA)

Preparation:

No special preparation is required.

Test Results:

2-5 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday, or lab delays.

Description

Order this Melon Allergy test to measure the IgE antibody levels in a blood sample to detect an allergy to melons. Melons are fruits from flowering vines belonging to the Cucurbitaceae (Gourd) family, with origins in central Asia and northern Africa. Melons are characterized by their sweet aromatic flavor, central seed cavity, and various rind colors. Melons are categorized into two groups, watermelons and muskmelons. Muskmelons are also broken down into subcategories, including honeydew and cantaloupe melons. Melons are rich in fiber, vitamins (K & C), and minerals (potassium & copper). Due to their sweet and refreshing taste, melons are an essential ingredient in many food products, including:

  • Beverages
  • Frozen desserts (sorbet and popsicles)
  • Prepackaged fruit cups
  • Fruit salads
  • Alcoholic and non-alcoholic cocktails
  • Candies and desserts

A melon allergy is common, especially for those with oral allergy syndrome (OAS). Individuals with an OAS may experience a reaction of itchiness or swelling of the mouth, face, lip, tongue, and throat after ingesting raw melons. In addition, individuals with an allergy to melons may also be allergic to other gourd fruits (cucumber, pumpkin, and squash) and citrus fruits (lemons, limes, and oranges).

The key allergens in melons are the proteins Cuc m 1, m 2, and m3. The immune system views these allergens as harmful and produces IgE antibodies to combat the invaders. Unfortunately, these antibodies cause the release of a chemical called histamine, triggering the symptoms associated with an allergic reaction. An allergic reaction may occur minutes to a few hours after exposure to an allergen. The reaction may range from mild or moderate to severe and differ for each individual. An individual allergic to melons may experience the following symptoms:

  • Tingling sensation in or around the mouth
  • Swelling
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Itching, hives, or eczema
  • Congestion
  • Trouble breathing or wheezing
  • Lightheadedness

An extreme, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis can occur in the most severe cases. An anaphylactic response requires immediate medical attention. Signs or symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

  • Rapid or increased pulse
  • Swollen throat or lump making it difficult to breathe
  • Low blood pressure
  • Extreme dizziness or loss of consciousness

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