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Diabetes #1 Baseline Blood Test Panel

The Diabetes #1 Baseline Blood Test Panel measures various markers in your blood to assess your risk of developing or monitoring your diabetes.

Sample Report

Test Code: 572

CPT Code: See Individual Tests

Also Known As:

Methodology:

See Individual Tests

Specimen Type: Blood

Preparation:

Fasting for at least 12 hours is required.

Test Results:

1-2 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday, or lab delays.

Sample Report

Test Code: 2216

CPT Code: See Individual Tests

Also Known As:

Methodology:

See Individual Tests

Specimen Type: Blood

Preparation:

Fasting for at least 12 hours is required.

Test Results:

1-2 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday, or lab delays.

Description

What is the purpose of this test?

Order this Diabetes #1 Baseline Blood Test Panel, a diagnostic test that measures various markers in your blood to assess your risk of developing diabetes or to monitor your diabetes if you have already been diagnosed. The test measures your blood sugar levels, hemoglobin A1C, and lipid levels, among other things. 

 

This test is beneficial to patients because it provides important information about their current health and helps detect early signs of diabetes or other related conditions. By identifying these conditions early on, patients can take steps to manage their blood sugar levels, reduce their risk of developing diabetes-related complications, and make lifestyle changes to improve their overall health. 

 

The Diabetes #1 Baseline Blood Test Panel includes:

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14) with eGRF Blood Test

  • Glucose - Blood sugar level is the most direct test to screen for diabetes and is also used in diabetes management.

 

  • Kidney Profile
    • Bun or Urea Nitrogen (BUN) - An indicator of kidney function.  
    • Creatinine, Serum - An indicator of kidney function. 
    • Bun/Creatinine Ratio - Calculated by dividing BUN by creatinine. This ratio can suggest conditions including dehydration or intestinal bleeding.
    • Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) - Measures kidney function to determine kidney disease stage and detect early kidney damage.

 

  • Liver Panel
    • Protein, Total - Assists in determining liver and kidney function and nutritional health.
    • Albumin Serum - One of the major proteins essential for the healthy function of the liver and kidney.
    • Globulin, Total - One of the major proteins that assist the blood in clotting properly and also comprises infection-fighting antibodies.
    • Albumin/Globulin Ratio - Calculated by dividing albumin by globulin. When paired with other test results, this ratio can assist in diagnosing various liver problems.
    • Bilirubin, Total - Aids in the detection of hepatitis, sickle cell, anemia, cirrhosis, alcohol, and drug abuse. High concentrations may result in jaundice.
    • Alkaline Phosphatase - A protein vital in detecting bone disorders and liver disease.
    • Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST or SGOT) - An enzyme helpful in evaluating liver function. An elevated level is an indication of hepatitis.
    • Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT) - An enzyme helpful in identifying liver damage. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.

 

  • Fluids & Electrolytes
    • Sodium - One of the major salts in body fluid. Sodium is important in water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.
    • Potassium - Helps to control the nerves and muscles.
    • Chloride - Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body's electrolyte balance.
    • Carbon Dioxide, Total - Used to help detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.

 

  • Mineral and Bone
    • Calcium - A mineral essential for developing and maintaining healthy bones and teeth. It is also important for the normal function of muscles, nerves, and blood clotting.

 

Hemoglobin A1c

The Hemoglobin A1c test is a blood test used to evaluate glucose levels in the blood over the past 2 to 3 months. The test's purpose is to measure the average amount of glucose in the blood during that period. This is important for people with diabetes, as it helps them to manage their condition more effectively. By assessing glucose levels over time, the test can provide valuable information on overall glycemic health, which can help individuals with diabetes avoid many of the risks and side effects associated with the condition. The goal for most individuals is to maintain levels below 7%. Regular Hemoglobin A1c testing is a crucial tool for managing diabetes and reducing the risk of complications associated with the condition.

 

CBC with Differential and Platelets

  • White Blood Cells (WBC) - The body's primary defense against disease and helps to fight infection.
  • Red Blood Cells (RBC) - Responsible for carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide away from all cells. Iron deficiency will lower the RBC count.
  • Hemoglobin - A chemical compound inside red cells that transports oxygen through the bloodstream to all body cells. Hemoglobin gives the red color to blood.
  • Hematocrit - Measures the amount of space red blood cells take up in the blood. It is reported as a percentage.
  • Neutrophils - Neutrophils are the most common type of white blood cells and are created by the bone marrow to combat a wide range of inflammatory and infectious diseases.
  • Lymphocytes - B-cells and T-cells are lymphocytes that fight bacteria and other pathogens in the blood. They are primarily found in the lymph system.
  • Monocytes - Working alongside neutrophils, monocytes play a vital role in fighting infections and other diseases and clearing away dead or damaged cells.
  • Eosinophils - White blood cells called eosinophils become activated in response to allergies and certain infections.
  • Basophils - Basophils play a role in detecting infections early on, as well as aiding in wound healing and reacting to allergic responses.
  • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) - The average hemoglobin concentration within a red blood cell.
  • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) - The average hemoglobin concentration percentage within a red blood cell.
  • Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) - The average size of red blood cells.
  • Platelets - Blood cell particles associated with the forming of blood clots.
  • Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) - Measures the amount of red blood cell variation in volume and size.
  • Absolute Neutrophils - The absolute neutrophil count measures the number of neutrophils in your blood. Normal range is 2,500-7,000 per microliter. Counts outside this range indicate a possible condition.
  • Absolute Lymphocytes - To calculate your absolute lymphocyte count, multiply your white blood cell count by the percentage of lymphocytes. This gives you the number of lymphocytes as an absolute number.
  • Absolute Monocytes - The absolute monocyte count indicates the number of monocytes in the blood, helping to identify if the count is normal, high, or low.
  • Absolute Eosinophils - Absolute eosinophil count measures the number of eosinophils in blood by multiplying the percentage of eosinophils in a complete blood count with the total number of white blood cells in the same count.
  • Absolute Basophils - Absolute basophil count is calculated by multiplying the percentage of basophils by the total number of white blood cells in a blood sample.

 

A Diabetes #1 Baseline Blood Test Panel is an important tool for diagnosing and managing diabetes. It can help patients understand their health status and take proactive measures to prevent the onset of diabetes-related complications.

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