HELLP Syndrome Blood Test Panel
A HELLP Syndrome Blood Test Panel includes CBC, CMP, LDH, and Uric Acid.
HELLP syndrome is a life-threatening obstetric complication usually considered to be a variant or complication of pre-eclampsia. HELLP usually begins during the third trimester; rare cases have been reported as early as 21 weeks gestation. Often, a woman who develops HELLP syndrome has already been followed up for pregnancy-induced hypertension, or is suspected to develop pre-eclampsia. Up to 8% of all cases occur after delivery.
Complete Blood Count (CBC) gives important information about the numbers and kinds of cells in the blood, especially red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. A CBC helps your health professional check any symptoms, such as fatigue, weakness, or bruising, that you may have. A CBC also helps your health professional diagnose conditions, such as infection, anemia, and several other disorders.
Test includes: WBC, RBC, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW, Platelets, Neutrophils, Lymphs, Monocytes, Eos, Basos, Neutrophils (Absolute), Lymphs (Absolute), Monocytes(Absolute), Eos (Absolute), Basos (Absolute), Immature Granulocytes, Immature Grans (Abs)
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14) with eGFR is a group of 14 laboratory tests ordered to give information about the current status of your liver, kidneys, and electrolyte and acid/base balance. The test gives the current status of your blood sugar and blood proteins also.
Glucose-Blood sugar level, the most direct test to discover diabetes, may be used not only to identify diabetes, but also to evaluate how one controls the disease.
Bun or Urea Nitrogen BUN is another by-product of protein metabolism eliminated through the kidneys and an indicator of kidney function.
Creatinine, Serum An indicator of kidney function.
Bun/Creatinine Ratio Calculated by dividing the BUN by the Creatinine.
Protein, Total Together with albumin, it is a measure of the state of nutrition in the body.
Albumin Serum one of the major proteins in the blood and a reflection of the general state of nutrition.
Globulin, Total A major group of proteins in the blood comprising the infection fighting antibodies.
Albumin/Globulin Ratio Calculated by dividing the albumin by the globulin.
Bilirubin, Total A chemical involved with liver functions. High concentrations may result in jaundice.
Alkaline Phosphatase A body protein important in diagnosing proper bone and liver functions.
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST or SGOT)an enzyme found in skeletal and heart muscle, liver and other organs. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT) an enzyme found primarily in the liver. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
Fluids & Electrolytes
Sodium One of the major salts in the body fluid, sodium is important in the body's water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.
Potassium Helps to control the nerves and muscles.
Chloride Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body's electrolyte balance.
Carbon Dioxide, Total Used to help detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.
Calcium- A mineral essential for development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. It is important also for the normal function of muscles, nerves and blood clotting).
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH or LD) is an enzyme that is found in almost all body tissues and helps produce energy, but only a small amount of it is usually detectable in the blood. It is present in almost all of the tissues in the body and becomes elevated in response to cell damage. Contained within the tissues cells, LDH is released into the bloodstream when cells are damaged or destroyed. Because of this, the LDH test can be used as a general marker of injury to cells. Elevations of LDH may be measured either as a total LDH or as LDH isoenzymes. A total LDH level is an overall measurement of five different LDH isoenzymes. Isoenzymes are slightly different molecular versions of the LDH enzyme. A total LDH level will reflect the presence of tissue damage, but it is not specific. By itself, it cannot be used to identify the underlying cause or its location. Measurements of the individual LDH isoenzyme levels can be used, along with other tests, to help determine the disease or condition causing cellular damage and to help identify the organs and tissues involved. In general, the isoenzyme locations tend to be LDH-1, heart, red cells, kidney, germ cells, LDH-2, heart, red blood cells, kidney (lesser amounts than LDH-1),LDH-3, lungs and other tissues, LDH-4, white blood cells, lymph nodes; muscle, liver (lesser amounts than LDH-5) , LDH-5, liver, skeletal muscle. While all of the isoenzymes are represented in the total LDH, LDH-2 usually makes up the greatest percentage.
Uric Acid- The uric acid test is used to learn whether the body could be breaking down cells too quickly or not expelling uric acid quickly enough. The test is aslo used to monitor levels of uric acid when a patient has had chemotherapy or radiation treatments.
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