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Turkey Meat Allergy IgE Blood Test

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The Turkey Meat Allergy IgE Blood Test measures the IgE antibody levels in the blood to detect an allergy to turkey.


Test Code: 602823

CPT Code: 86003

Also Known As: Wild Turkey; Meleagris gallopavo

Methodology:

Thermo Fisher ImmunoCAP®

Preparation:

No special preparation is required.

Test Results:

2-5 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.


Test Code: 2748

CPT Code: 86003

Also Known As: Wild Turkey; Meleagris gallopavo

Methodology:

Immunoassay (IA)

Preparation:

No special preparation is required.

Test Results:

2-5 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

Description

What is the purpose of this test?

Order this Turkey Meat Allergy IgE Blood Test measures the IgE antibody levels in the blood to detect an allergy to turkey (poultry). Turkeys are animals that belong to the Phasianidae family, with origins in Asia that have been domesticated globally. Poultry allergies are uncommon, with global prevalence varying from 0-13%. However, there are individuals with a hypersensitivity to turkey and other poultry. Individuals with an allergy to turkey may also be allergic to different kinds of poultry, such as chickens, ducks, geese, pheasants, quails, and guinea fowl. In addition, individuals with an adverse reaction to turkey may also experience the same response after ingesting egg yolks since they may have some allergens (proteins) in common. Therefore, this Turkey Meat Allergy IgE Blood Test may help screen for an allergy to turkey and aid healthcare providers in developing a management and treatment plan.

 

What causes an allergic reaction to turkey?

Once an individual with a turkey allergy ingests turkey or turkey-based products, it triggers a response in an individual's immune system. The immune system views specific proteins in turkey as harmful and produces IgE antibodies to combat these invaders. Unfortunately, these antibodies cause the chemical histamine to be released, which will cause the symptoms associated with an allergic reaction.

 

When should I order a Turkey Meat Allergy Blood Test?

Individuals may order this Turkey Meat Allergy Blood Test if they have experienced symptoms related to a turkey allergy. Allergy symptoms vary depending on the individual, ranging from mild to severe reactions. Most food-related symptoms occur within two hours of ingestion; however, they frequently begin within minutes. In addition, the response can be delayed by four to six hours or even longer in some rare cases.

 

An allergic reaction may affect the skin, intestinal lining, and air pathways. Individuals with a turkey allergy may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

 

  • Tingling sensation near or around the mouth
  • Swelling
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Itching or hives
  • Congestion
  • Difficulty breathing, swallowing or wheezing
  • Lightheadedness

 

A severe, possibly life-threatening allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis may occur in some cases. An anaphylactic response requires immediate medical attention. Signs or symptoms of anaphylaxis may include:

 

  • Rapid or increased heart rate
  • Swollen throat or lump making it difficult to breathe
  • Low blood pressure
  • Extreme dizziness or loss of consciousness

 

What other food products should I avoid if I have a turkey allergy?

Individuals allergic to turkey should avoid not only it but also avoid turkey-based products, including:

 

  • Turkey broth or stock 
  • Canned soups and stews
  • Poultry flavorings
  • Premade salads
  • Certain meat dishes
  • Frozen meat products that may contain turkey

 

Additionally, individuals may be sensitive to turkeys to the point that avoiding physical contact with turkeys or their feathers is necessary. 

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