Wellness #2 Essential Blood Test Panel plus Hemoglobin A1c
The Wellness #2 Essential Blood Test Panel plus Hemoglobin A1c includes 5 vital blood tests to provide a thorough overview of overall health and help detect potential issues or anomalies.
What is the purpose of this test?
The Wellness #2 Essential Blood Test Panel plus Hemoglobin A1c is a comprehensive blood test that measures several important health markers such as your lipid profile, liver function, kidney function, thyroid function, and blood sugar levels. The test is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of your overall health and detect any potential health issues at an early stage.
The Hemoglobin A1c test is specifically designed to measure your average blood sugar levels over the past 2-3 months, which is a crucial indicator of your risk of developing diabetes. This test is crucial for patients who are at high risk of developing diabetes or have already been diagnosed with the condition. By measuring these vital health markers, the Wellness #2 Essential Blood Test Panel plus Hemoglobin A1c can help identify any potential health issues and enable healthcare providers to develop a customized treatment plan to address them. This can lead to better health outcomes for patients by catching any health issues early and taking proactive steps to prevent them from becoming more serious.
The Wellness #2 Essential Blood Test Panel plus Hemoglobin A1c includes the following:
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14) - measures levels of various substances in the blood, such as electrolytes, glucose, and proteins. The kidneys play a key role in regulating these substances, and abnormal levels can be an early sign of kidney disease or other conditions that affect the kidneys.
- Glucose - Blood sugar level is the most direct test to screen for diabetes and is also used in diabetes management.
- Kidney Profile
- Bun or Urea Nitrogen (BUN) - An indicator of kidney function.
- Creatinine, Serum - An indicator of kidney function.
- Bun/Creatinine Ratio - Calculated by dividing BUN by creatinine. This ratio can suggest conditions including dehydration or intestinal bleeding.
- Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) - Measures kidney function to determine kidney disease stage and detect early kidney damage.
- Liver Panel
- Protein, Total - Assists in determining liver and kidney function and nutritional health.
- Albumin serum - One of the major proteins essential for the healthy function of the liver and kidneys.
- Globulin, Total - One of the major proteins that assist the blood to clot properly and also comprises infection-fighting antibodies.
- Albumin/Globulin Ratio - Calculated by dividing albumin by globulin. When paired with other test results, this ratio can assist in diagnosing various liver problems.
- Bilirubin, Total - Aids in detecting hepatitis, sickle cell, anemia, cirrhosis, alcohol, and drug abuse. High concentrations may result in jaundice.
- Alkaline Phosphatase - A protein vital in detecting bone disorders and liver disease.
- Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST or SGOT) - An enzyme helpful in evaluating liver function. An elevated level is an indication of hepatitis.
- Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT) - An enzyme helpful in identifying liver damage. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
- Fluids & Electrolytes
- Sodium - One of the major salts in body fluid. Sodium is essential in water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.
- Potassium - Helps to control the nerves and muscles.
- Chloride - Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body's electrolyte balance.
- Carbon Dioxide, Total - Used to help detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.
- Calcium - A mineral essential for developing and maintaining healthy bones and teeth. It is also vital for the normal function of muscles, nerves, and blood clotting.
Lipid Panel Blood Test with Total Cholesterol: HDL Ratio - A Lipid Blood Test Panel measures the amount of lipids, or fats, in the blood. This test typically measures the cholesterol and triglyceride levels, which are lipids that can increase the risk for heart disease if they are too high. The results of this test can help the healthcare provider determine if you have any underlying conditions that may be affecting the lipid levels and can guide decisions about lifestyle changes or medication to help manage the lipid levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.
- Cholesterol, Total - A measurement used to assess heart health. Cholesterol is required by your body to build healthy cells, but high cholesterol levels can increase your risk of heart disease.
- Triglycerides - Surplus fats transported in the bloodstream and provide energy to the body.
- HDL Cholesterol - High-density lipoproteins, or "good" cholesterol, take cholesterol away from the cells and transport it back to the liver for removal or processing.
- VLDL Cholesterol - (VLDL included in LabCorp Only) contains the highest amount of triglycerides. VLDL is a type of "bad cholesterol" because it helps cholesterol build up on the walls of arteries.
- LDL Cholesterol - Low-density lipoproteins (calculation), or "bad" cholesterol, contain the highest percentage of cholesterol and are responsible for depositing cholesterol on the artery walls.
- Total Cholesterol: HDL Ratio - The Total Cholesterol to HDL Ratio is a critical indicator of the balance between good and bad cholesterol in the body. A ratio of less than 5:1 is considered optimal, while a ratio higher than 6:1 indicates an increased risk of developing heart disease.
Thyroid Panel with Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) - The thyroid gland synthesizes and releases hormones that impact various metabolic processes. The hormones are iodine-containing amino acids, including T4 and T3. A comprehensive test is available to evaluate thyroid hormone levels, including T4, T3 Uptake, FTI/T7, and TSH.
Complete Blood Count (CBC) With Differential and Platelets - measures various components of the blood, such as red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. An abnormal CBC result can indicate anemia, infection, inflammation, or other blood disorders affecting kidney function.
- White Blood Cells (WBC) - The body's primary defense against disease and helps to fight infection.
- Red Blood Cells (RBC) - Responsible for carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide away from all cells. Iron deficiency will lower the RBC count.
- Hemoglobin - A chemical compound inside red cells that transports oxygen through the bloodstream to all body cells. Hemoglobin gives the red color to blood.
- Hematocrit - Measures the amount of space red blood cells take up in the blood. It is reported as a percentage.
- Neutrophils - Neutrophils are the most common type of white blood cells created by the bone marrow to combat various inflammatory and infectious diseases.
- Lymphocytes - B-cells and T-cells are lymphocytes that fight bacteria and other pathogens in the blood. They are primarily found in the lymph system.
- Monocytes - Working alongside neutrophils, monocytes play a vital role in fighting infections and other diseases and clearing away dead or damaged cells.
- Eosinophils - White blood cells called eosinophils activate in response to allergies and certain infections.
- Basophils - Basophils play a role in detecting infections early on, aiding in wound healing, and reacting to allergic responses.
- Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) - The average hemoglobin concentration within a red blood cell.
- Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) - A red blood cell's average hemoglobin concentration percentage.
- Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) - The average size of red blood cells.
- Platelets - Blood cell particles associated with the forming of blood clots.
- Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) - Measures the amount of red blood cell variation in volume and size.
- Absolute Neutrophils - The absolute neutrophil count measures the number of neutrophils in your blood. Normal range is 2,500-7,000 per microliter. Counts outside this range indicate a possible condition.
- Absolute Lymphocytes - To calculate your absolute lymphocyte count, multiply your white blood cell count by the percentage of lymphocytes. This gives you the number of lymphocytes as an absolute number.
- Absolute Monocytes - The absolute monocyte count indicates the number of monocytes in the blood, helping to identify if the count is normal, high, or low.
- Absolute Eosinophils - Absolute eosinophil count measures the number of eosinophils in blood by multiplying the percentage of eosinophils in a complete blood count with the total number of white blood cells in the same count.
- Absolute Basophils - Absolute basophil count is calculated by multiplying the percentage of basophils by the total number of white blood cells in a blood sample.
Hemoglobin A1c - The Hemoglobin A1c test is a highly effective diagnostic tool for monitoring and managing diabetes. This test provides valuable information on an individual's average blood sugar level over 2 to 3 months, which is a longer time frame than other blood glucose tests. It measures the percentage of hemoglobin molecules that have glucose attached to them, known as glycated hemoglobin. The results of the Hemoglobin A1c test are an excellent indicator of how well an individual's diabetes is being managed, and it is recommended that people with diabetes get this test done at least twice a year.
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