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Anti-Aging #2 Essential Blood and Urine Panel, Women

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An Anti-Aging #2 Essential Blood and Urine Panel for Women includes Wellness #2 Essential Panel (CBC, CMP-14, Glucose, Uric Acid, Lipid Profile, Thyroid + TSH, Fluid & Electrolytes, Mineral & Bone, Liver & Kidney Panels), Insulin-like Growth Factor 1, Testosterone Total & Free, Urinalysis with Complete Microscopic Examination, Vitamin D 25-Hydroxy, Iron w/TBIC, Estradiol, Progesterone, DHEAs, and Human Growth Hormone (HGH).


Test Code: 851

CPT Code: See Individual Tests

Also Known As:

Methodology:

See Individual Tests

Preparation:

Patient should be on a stable diet, ideally for two to three weeks prior to collection of blood, and should fast for 12 to 14 hours before collection of the specimen. Stop biotin consumption at least 72 hours prior to the collection. Resting is required for at least 30 minutes prior to collection.

Test Results:

3-5 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.


Details:

Please note: Any result for the Testosterone Free (Direct) and Total Testosterone Test in excess of 1500 will be reported as >1500


Test Code: 2200

CPT Code: See Individual Tests

Also Known As:

Methodology:

See Individual Tests

Preparation:

Patient should be on a stable diet, ideally for two to three weeks prior to collection of blood, and should fast for 12 to 14 hours before collection of the specimen. Stop biotin consumption at least 72 hours prior to the collection. Resting is required for at least 30 minutes prior to collection.

Test Results:

3-5 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

Description

Anti-aging medicine is a specialty founded on the application of advanced scientific and medical technologies for the early detection, prevention, treatment, and reversal of age-related diseases. Research into ways to optimize and retard the human aging process is designed to prolong the human life span. Anti-aging medicine is a specialty based on the scientific principles of responsible medical care consistent with those of other healthcare specialties.

 

Included in this panel:

 

The Wellness #2 Essential Blood Test Panel includes:

  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14) with eGRF Blood Test
    • Glucose Level
    • Kidney Profile
    • Liver Panel
    • Fluids and Electrolytes
    • Mineral and Bone
  • Lipid Panel With Total Cholesterol:HDL Ratio
  • Thyroid Panel with Thyroid-stimulating Hormone (TSH)
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC) With Differential & Platelets

 

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14) with eGRF Blood Test

  • Glucose - Blood sugar level, the most direct test to screen for diabetes and also used in diabetes management.

 

  • Uric Acid - Uric acid is produced in two ways, from digesting food consumed and the natural breakdown of the body's cells. Uric acid is a by-product of protein metabolism eliminated through the kidneys. It is also an indicator of kidney function.

 

  • Kidney Profile
    • Bun or Urea Nitrogen (BUN) - An indicator of kidney function.  
    • Creatinine, Serum - An indicator of kidney function. 
    • Bun/Creatinine Ratio - Calculated by dividing BUN by creatinine. This ratio can suggest conditions including dehydration or intestinal bleeding.
    • Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) - Measures kidney function to determine kidney disease stage and detect early kidney damage.

 

  • Liver Panel
    • Protein, Total - Assists in determining liver and kidney function and nutritional health.
    • Albumin Serum - One of the major proteins essential for the healthy function of the liver and kidney.
    • Globulin, Total - One of the major proteins that assist the blood to clot properly and also comprises infection-fighting antibodies.
    • Albumin/Globulin Ratio - Calculated by dividing albumin by globulin. When paired with other test results, this ratio can assist in the diagnosis of a variety of liver problems.
    • Bilirubin, Total - Aids in the detection of hepatitis, sickle cell, anemia, cirrhosis, alcohol, and drug abuse. High concentrations may result in jaundice.
    • Alkaline Phosphatase - A protein vital in detecting bone disorders and liver disease.
    • Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST or SGOT) - An enzyme helpful in evaluating liver function. An elevated level is an indication of hepatitis.
    • Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT) - An enzyme helpful in identifying liver damage. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
    • Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) - An enzyme found mainly in the heart, muscles, liver, kidney, brain, and red blood cells. When an organ of the body is damaged, LDH is released in more significant quantities into the bloodstream.
    • Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) - Also known as Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidase (GGTP). GGT is an enzyme that is produced predominantly in the liver. This level is often elevated in situations that diseases are present that affect the liver or bile ducts.

 

  • Fluids & Electrolytes
    • Sodium - One of the major salts in body fluid. Sodium is important in water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.
    • Potassium - Helps to control the nerves and muscles.
    • Chloride - Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body's electrolyte balance.
    • Carbon Dioxide, Total - Used to help detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.

 

  • Mineral and Bone
    • Iron, Total - An abnormally low test result could indicate anemia caused by iron deficiency.
    • Calcium - A mineral essential for the development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. It is also important for the normal function of muscles, nerves, and blood clotting.
    • Phosphorus - A crucial mineral for energy production, muscle and nerve function, and bone formation. Most of the body's phosphorus mixes with calcium to form teeth and bones. Phosphorus is also important for keeping the body's acid-base balanced.

 

Lipid Panel With Total Cholesterol:HDL Ratio

  • Cholesterol, Total - A measurement used to assess heart health. Cholesterol is required by your body to build healthy cells, but high cholesterol levels can increase your risk of heart disease.
  • Triglycerides - Surplus fats that are transported in the bloodstream and are also responsible for providing energy to the body.
  • HDL Cholesterol - High-density lipoproteins, or "good" cholesterol, take cholesterol away from the cells and transport it back to the liver for removal or processing.
  • LDL Cholesterol - Low-density lipoproteins (calculation), or "bad" cholesterol, contain the highest percentage of cholesterol and are responsible for depositing cholesterol on the artery walls.
  • Total Cholesterol/HDL Ratio - This ratio is calculated by dividing total cholesterol by HDL cholesterol and is used in determining the relative risk of heart disease.

 

Thyroid Panel with Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

The thyroid gland synthesizes, stores, and releases hormones. The hormones secreted are iodine-containing amino acids, thyroxine (T4), and tri-iodothyronine (T3). The thyroid hormones influence various metabolic processes, including weight control, energy level, and heart rate. This comprehensive test helps to evaluate thyroid hormones that control the body's metabolic rate and includes: Total T4 (Thyroxine), T3 Uptake, Free-Thyroxine Index (FTI), also known as T7, and Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH).

 

Insulin-like Growth Factor Test (IGF-1)

Produced in the liver in response to stimulation by growth hormones secreted by the pituitary gland. This insulin-like growth factor level is used to evaluate disturbances of growth and monitor treatment with growth hormones.

 

Testosterone, Total

Testosterone is a hormone that causes male characteristics. The blood level is used in men to investigate abnormal sexual development and sexual dysfunction. Small amounts are produced in women's ovaries, and levels are tested to evaluate virilization.

 

Urinalysis with Complete Microscopic Examination

Detects urine and urinary tract infections (UTI); diagnoses and manages renal diseases, urinary tract infections, urinary tract neoplasms, systemic diseases, and inflammatory or neoplastic diseases adjacent to the urinary tract.

 

Vitamin D 25-hydroxy

Vitamin D is essential for the growth and formation of healthy bones and teeth. Without it, adults can develop osteomalacia, characterized by weakness, softness, or fractures of the bones. Vitamin D also helps regulate levels of calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium in the blood and has been shown to influence the growth of other tissues in the body and the regulation of the immune system. Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in the development of conditions such as cancer, heart disease‚ osteoporosis, and multiple sclerosis.

 

The body gets vitamin D from two sources: dietary intake through foods and supplements (exogenous) and through production in the skin upon exposure to sunlight (endogenous). Although vitamin D is found naturally in only a few foods, in the United States, many products are supplemented with it, including milk, breakfast cereals, and juices. Those at risk of vitamin D deficiency include individuals that are elderly, obese, dark skin, institutionalized, homebound or have limited sun exposure, have undergone gastric bypass surgery, and have conditions such as cystic fibrosis and Crohn's disease that interfere with fat absorption.

 

Iron and Total Iron-binding Capacity (TIBC)

The iron and TIBC blood test quantifies iron serum and total iron-binding capacity (TIBC). Iron serum measures iron levels in the blood, while TIBC measures the total amount of iron that transferrin can bind (transferrin is the primary protein that binds to iron and transports it throughout the body). These quantities are used to calculate transferrin saturation, an indicator of the body’s iron status. In iron deficiency states, iron levels are low while the TIBC is higher, resulting in low transferrin saturation. In iron overload states, iron levels are high while the TIBC is low or normal, resulting in an increased transferrin saturation. 

 

Estradiol

The estradiol (E2) blood test is a test that will check the estradiol, also known as 17 beta-estradiol, level in the blood. The estradiol test is often referred to as the E2 test. Although this is the most commonly ordered fertility test to check estradiol levels in women that have infertility problems and also for in vitro fertilization support, it is also ordered to monitor estradiol levels in fertile females and males.

 

Progesterone

Progesterone is a female hormone produced by the ovaries during ovulation. If an egg is fertilized by sperm, progesterone helps prepare the lining of the uterus (endometrium) to receive the egg. If the egg does not become fertilized, progesterone levels drop and menstrual bleeding begins. The placenta produces high levels of progesterone during pregnancy, beginning at the end of the first trimester and continuing through birth. Pregnant women have progesterone levels almost 10 times higher than non-pregnant women. Additionally, certain types of cancer cause abnormal progesterone levels in both women and men.

 

DHEAs

DHEA sulfate is an androgen (male sex hormone) that is present in the blood of both men and women. It assists in the development of male secondary sexual characteristics at puberty, and can be metabolized into testosterone and androstenedione (more potent androgens), or changed into estrogen (a female hormone). The outer layer of the adrenal glands, the adrenal cortex, is responsible for producing DHEA sulfate, while smaller amounts are produced in the testes and ovaries. 

 

Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate secretion is controlled by the pituitary hormone adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and other pituitary factors. Since DHEA,s is primarily produced by the adrenal glands, it is a strong marker for adrenal function. Cancers, adrenal tumors and hyperplasia can lead to the overproduction of DHEA sulfate. While elevated levels may not be noticed in adult men, they can lead to visible symptoms of virilization and amenorrhea.

 

Human Growth Hormone (HGH)

Human growth hormone (HGH)—or simply growth hormone (GH)—is produced by the pituitary gland and secreted into the bloodstream in pulses at various points throughout the day. These pulses range from between 10 and 30 per day, and can be strengthened by exercise. As the name suggests, growth hormone is essential for normal growth and development in children. Although not as active in adults, GH helps regulate bone density, muscle mass and lipid metabolism, and is important for tissue repair, muscle growth, bone strength, brain function, physical and mental health, energy and metabolism.

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