Prenatal Profile (OB) Blood Test Panel
The Prenatal Profile (OB) Blood Test Panel includes an ABO Group and RHO(b) Typing, Complete Blood Count (CBC), Lipid Panel (cholesterol), Comprehensive Metabolic Panel-14, Thyroid Panel with TSH, Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV-1 and 2 Blood Test, RPR Qualitative, Rubella Antibodies IgG.
ABO Group and RHO(D) Typing The results of blood typing tests will tell you if you are group A, B, AB, or O and whether you are Rh negative or positive depending on what antigens are present on your red blood cells. The results will tell the health professional what blood or blood components will be safe for you to receive. The results will tell a pregnant woman whether she is Rh positive or Rh negative and whether she may be a candidate for receiving Rh immune globulin to prevent her from potentially developing antibodies against her fetus blood cells. Blood typing will also tell the personnel at collection facilities what blood type you are donating and who can safely receive your blood.
Complete Blood Count (CBC) With Differential and Platelets A complete blood count (CBC) will give important information about the kinds and numbers of cells in the blood, especially red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. A CBC helps your health professional check any symptoms, such as fatigue, weakness, or bruising, that you may have. A CBC also helps diagnose conditions such as anemia, infection, and many other disorders.
Lipid Panel With Total Cholesterol:HDL Ratio
Cholesterol, Total A sterol in the blood. Knowing your cholesterol level may be as important as knowing your blood pressure. Elevated cholesterol levels are associated with an increasing risk of coronary heart disease.
Triglycerides Triglycerides are fat in the blood that are responsible for providing energy to the cells of the body. Triglycerides should be less than 400 mg/dl even while in a non-fasting state.
HDL Cholesterol High-density lipoproteins are believed to take cholesterol away from cells and transport it back to the liver for removal or processing. They are known as the "good" cholesterol as people with high levels of HDL may have less heart disease. Low HDL could be the result of lack of exercise and smoking.
LDL Cholesterol Low-density lipoproteins contain the largest percentage of cholesterol and may be responsible for depositing cholesterol on the artery walls. They are known as the "bad" cholesterol.
Total Cholesterol/HDL Ratio calculated by dividing the total cholesterol by the HDL cholesterol. This is the ratio used by physicians in determining your relative risk for developing cardiovascular disease.
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14) includes:
Glucose-Blood sugar level, the most direct test to discover diabetes, may be used not only to identify diabetes, but also to evaluate how one controls the disease.
Bun or Urea Nitrogen BUN is another by-product of protein metabolism eliminated through the kidneys and an indicator of kidney function.
Creatinine, Serum An indicator of kidney function.
Bun/Creatinine Ratio Calculated by dividing the BUN by the Creatinine.
Protein, Total Together with albumin, it is a measure of the state of nutrition in the body.
Albumin Serum one of the major proteins in the blood and a reflection of the general state of nutrition.
Globulin, Total A major group of proteins in the blood comprising the infection fighting antibodies.
Albumin/Globulin Ratio Calculated by dividing the albumin by the globulin.
Bilirubin, Total A chemical involved with liver functions. High concentrations may result in jaundice.
Alkaline Phosphatase A body protein important in diagnosing proper bone and liver functions.
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST or SGOT)an enzyme found in skeletal and heart muscle, liver and other organs. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT) an enzyme found primarily in the liver. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
Fluids & Electrolytes
Sodium One of the major salts in the body fluid, sodium is important in the body's water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles. Potassium Helps to control the nerves and muscles.
Chloride Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body's electrolyte balance.
Carbon Dioxide, Total Used to help detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.
Calcium- A mineral essential for development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. It is important also for the normal function of muscles, nerves and blood clotting).
Thyroid Panel with Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) - Thyroid function is critical to your metabolism and affects your energy level, weight control, heart rate, and more. The thyroid-stimulating hormone is produced in the pituitary gland and stimulates the production of thyroid hormones. The TSH helps to identify an overactive or underachieve thyroid state. This comprehensive evaluation of your thyroid hormone levels includes: T-3 Uptake, T4, T7, and Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH).
The HIV Antigen/Antibodies Test is the recommended standard rapid test for routine HIV Screening. It typically sees quick results in just 1-2 business days and is one of the most affordable HIV tests available. The HIV Antigen/Antibodies test, also known as a 4th Generation HIV Test, looks for both antibodies to the HIV virus and the p24 Antigen which is specific to HIV. Antibodies to HIV typically begin to develop several weeks after exposure. In the majority of people, these antibodies will be detectable by 12 weeks from the point of exposure. In some people, antibodies may be detectable as early as 4 weeks from exposure. The p24 Antigen is a viral protein which makes up the majority of the HIV viral core (capsid). P24 Antigen levels are typically highest a few weeks after exposure and drop to undetectable levels during the time when antibodies begin to develop. The combination of screening for both antibodies and antigen allow this test to detect a significantly higher number of early infections than previous generations of HIV screening..
RPR, Qualitative - Syphilis, an infectious disease, is usually spread by sexual contact, such as through direct contact with a syphilis sore (chancre). Syphilis is easily treated but may cause severe health problems if left untreated. An infected mother can also pass the disease to her fetus, with serious and potentially fatal consequences for the infant.
Rubella Virus, the cause of German measles, is usually a mild exanthem and often subclinical. When acquired in utero however, rubella virus can cause the congenital rubella syndrome, and lead to fetal demise, deafness, malformation, and mental retardation. The federal government and many states support programs to immunize women against rubella before they have children for this reason. In the early 1990s there was a resurgence of congenital rubella and more widespread testing for rubella serology is recommended.
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