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Cardio Plus Blood Test Panel plus Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA)

A Cardio Plus Blood Test Panel plus Prostate-specific Antigen is a PSA plus Cholesterol (Lipid) Profile, Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14), and Complete Blood Count (CBC) with differential and platelets.

Sample Report

Test Code: 595

Also Known As:

Methodology: See Individual Tests

Preparation: Patient should be on a stable diet, ideally for two to three weeks prior to collection of blood, and should fast for 12 to 14 hours before collection of the specimen. Stop biotin consumption at least 72 hours prior to the collection.

Test Results: 2-3 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

Sample Report

Test Code: 2232

Also Known As:

Methodology: See Individual Tests

Preparation: Patient should be on a stable diet, ideally for two to three weeks prior to collection of blood, and should fast for 12 to 14 hours before collection of the specimen. Stop biotin consumption at least 72 hours prior to the collection.

Test Results: 2-3 days. May take longer based on weather, holiday or lab delays.

Description

PSA Cardio + Plus Blood Panel Includes:

Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA)

 

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a substance produced by the prostate gland. Elevated PSA levels may indicate prostate cancer, prostatitis (a noncancerous condition), or an enlarged prostate.

 

Lipid Panel With Total Cholesterol:HDL Ratio

 

  • Cholesterol, Total - A measurement used to assess heart health. Cholesterol is required by your body to build healthy cells, but high cholesterol levels can increase your risk of heart disease.
  • Triglycerides - Surplus fats that are transported in the bloodstream and are also responsible for providing energy to the body.
  • HDL Cholesterol - High-density lipoproteins, or "good" cholesterol, take cholesterol away from the cells and transport it back to the liver for removal or processing.
  • LDL Cholesterol - Low-density lipoproteins (calculation), or "bad" cholesterol, contain the highest percentage of cholesterol and are responsible for depositing cholesterol on the artery walls.
  • Total Cholesterol/HDL Ratio - This ratio is calculated by dividing total cholesterol by HDL cholesterol and is used in determining the relative risk of heart disease.

 

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14) with eGRF Blood Test

 

  • Glucose - Blood sugar level, the most direct test to screen for diabetes and also used in diabetes management.

 

  • Kidney Profile
    • Bun or Urea Nitrogen (BUN) - An indicator of kidney function.  
    • Creatinine, Serum - An indicator of kidney function.  
    • Bun/Creatinine Ratio - Calculated by dividing BUN by creatinine. This ratio can suggest conditions including dehydration or intestinal bleeding.
    • Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) - Measures kidney function to determine kidney disease stage and detect early kidney damage.

 

  • Liver Panel
    • Protein, Total - Assists in determining liver and kidney function and nutritional health.
    • Albumin Serum - One of the major proteins essential for the healthy function of the liver and kidney. 
    • Globulin, Total - One of the major proteins that assist the blood to clot properly and also comprises infection-fighting antibodies. 
    • Albumin/Globulin Ratio - Calculated by dividing albumin by globulin. When paired with other test results, this ratio can assist in the diagnosis of a variety of liver problems. 
    • Bilirubin, Total - Aids in the detection of hepatitis, sickle cell, anemia, cirrhosis, alcohol, and drug abuse. High concentrations may result in jaundice.
    • Alkaline Phosphatase - A protein vital in detecting bone disorders and liver disease.
    • Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST or SGOT) - An enzyme helpful in evaluating liver function. An elevated level is an indication of hepatitis. 
    • Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT) - An enzyme helpful in identifying liver damage. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.

 

  • Fluids & Electrolytes
    • Sodium - One of the major salts in body fluid. Sodium is important in water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.
    • Potassium - Helps to control the nerves and muscles.
    • Chloride - Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body's electrolyte balance.
    • Carbon Dioxide, Total - Used to help detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.
    • Calcium - A mineral essential for the development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. It is also important for the normal function of muscles, nerves, and blood clotting.

 

Complete Blood Count (CBC) With Differential and Platelets

 

A CBC is a comprehensive screening test that can help diagnose a wide range of illnesses and diseases, including anemia, leukemia, bleeding disorders, and infections. The CBC provides the following information:

 

  • White Blood Cells (WBC) - The body's primary defense against disease and helps to fight infection.
  • Red Blood Cells (RBC) - Responsible for carrying oxygen to and carbon dioxide away from all cells. Iron deficiency will lower the RBC count.
  • Hemoglobin - A chemical compound inside red cells that transports oxygen through the bloodstream to all cells of the body. Hemoglobin gives the red color to blood.
  • Hematocrit - Measures the amount of space red blood cells take up in the blood. It is reported as a percentage.
  • Lymphocytes - This result, along with basophils, eosinophils, monocytes, and neutrophils, deal with white blood cell function.
  • Monocytes - This result, along with basophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, and neutrophils, deal with white blood cell function. 
  • Neutrophils - This result, along with basophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes, deal with white blood cell function.
  • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) - The average hemoglobin concentration within a red blood cell.
  • Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) - The average hemoglobin concentration percentage within a red blood cell.
  • Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) - The average size of red blood cells.
  • Platelets - Blood cell particles associated with the forming of blood clots.
  • Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) - Measures the amount of red blood cell variation in volume and size.

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