Kidney #2 Essential Blood and Urine Test Panel
A Kidney #2 Essential Blood and Urine Test Panel includes a Complete Blood Count (CBC), Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14), Urinalysis Complete with Microscopic Examination plus Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) Intact and Vitamin D, 25-hydroxy.
Kidney #2 Essential Blood and Urine Panel includes:
A Complete Blood Count (CBC) gives important information about the numbers and kinds of cells in the blood, especially red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. A CBC helps your health professional check any symptoms, such as fatigue, weakness, or bruising, that you may have. A CBC also helps your health professional diagnose conditions, such as infection, anemia, and several other disorders. Test includes: WBC, RBC, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW, Platelets, Neutrophils, Lymphs, Monocytes, Eos, Basos, Neutrophils (Absolute), Lymphs (Absolute), Monocytes(Absolute), Eos (Absolute), Basos (Absolute), Immature Granulocytes, Immature Grans (Abs).
The Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP-14) is a group of 14 laboratory tests ordered to give information about the current status of your liver, kidneys, and electrolyte and acid/base balance. The test gives the current status of your blood sugar and blood proteins also. CMP-14 Includes:
Glucose-Blood sugar level, the most direct test to discover diabetes, may be used not only to identify diabetes, but also to evaluate how one controls the disease. Kidney Profile Bun or Urea Nitrogen BUN is another by-product of protein metabolism eliminated through the kidneys and an indicator of kidney function. Creatinine, Serum An indicator of kidney function. Bun/Creatinine Ratio Calculated by dividing the BUN by the Creatinine.
Liver Panel Protein, Total Together with albumin, it is a measure of the state of nutrition in the body. Albumin Serum one of the major proteins in the blood and a reflection of the general state of nutrition. Globulin, Total A major group of proteins in the blood comprising the infection fighting antibodies. Albumin/Globulin Ratio Calculated by dividing the albumin by the globulin. Bilirubin, Total A chemical involved with liver functions. High concentrations may result in jaundice. Alkaline Phosphatase A body protein important in diagnosing proper bone and liver functions. Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST or SGOT)an enzyme found in skeletal and heart muscle, liver and other organs. Abnormalities may represent liver disease. Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT) an enzyme found primarily in the liver. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
Fluids & Electrolytes
Sodium One of the major salts in the body fluid, sodium is important in the body's water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.
Potassium Helps to control the nerves and muscles.
Chloride Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body's electrolyte balance.
Carbon Dioxide, Total Used to help detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.
Calcium- A mineral essential for development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. It is important also for the normal function of muscles, nerves and blood clotting).
Urinalysis Complete with Microscopic Examination is a uring test useful in the evaluation of conditions such as urinary tract infection (UTI), dehydration, and kidney stones. It detects abnormalities of urine and urinary tract infection (UTI); diagnoses and manages renal diseases, urinary tract infection, urinary tract neoplasms, systemic diseases, and inflammatory or neoplastic diseases adjacent to the urinary tract.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) Intact measures the level of parathyroid hormone in the blood and is used to help identify hyperparathyroidism or to find the cause of abnormal calcium levels. PTH controls phosphours and calcium levels in the blood. PTH is made by the parathyroid glands, four pea-sized glands that lie behind the thyroid gland. If the blood calcium level is too low, the parathyroid glands will release more PTH. This will cause the bones to release more calcium into the blood and reduces the amount of calcium released by the kidneys into the urine. Vitamin D also is converted to a more active form, causing the intestines to absorb more calcium and phosphorus. If the calcium level is too high, the parathyroid glands will release less PTH, and the whole process is reversed. PTH levels that are too high or too low may cause problems with the kidneys and bones and cause changes in calcium and vitamin D levels. Tests for phosphorus and calcium levels in the blood may be done at the same time as a PTH test.Vitamin D sufficiency, along with diet and exercise, has emerged as one of the most important preventive factors in human health. Hundreds of studies now link vitamin D deficiency with significantly higher rates of many forms of cancer‚ as well as heart disease‚ osteoporosis‚ multiple sclerosis and many other conditions and diseases.
Vitamin D tests are used to determine if bone malformation, bone weakness, or abnormal metabolism of calcium (reflected by abnormal calcium, phosphorus or PTH tests) is occurring as a result of a deficiency or excess of vitamin D. Because vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin and is absorbed from the intestine like a fat, vitamin D tests are at times used to monitor individuals with diseases that interfere with fat absorption, such as cystic fibrosis and Crohn's disease, to assure that they have adequate amounts of vitamin D. Vitamin D tests are used to determine effectiveness of treatment when vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus, and/or magnesium supplementation is prescribed as well.
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